Home Facts about HIV/AIDS
What is HIV & AIDS?
HIV means Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
AIDS means Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Last Updated on Wednesday, 19 November 2008 21:54
 
HIV can be prevented

HIV can be prevented through:

  • Using condoms (males or female condoms) consistently when having sex
  • Be faithful to one partner or limit number of partners
  • Do not share needles or syringes
  • HIV positive mothers can prevent the transmission of HIV to their infants by not breastfeeding
    Also taking treatments will help reduce transmission of virus to infants during pregnancy and delivery
  • Get tested and know your HIV status
Last Updated on Wednesday, 19 November 2008 22:05
 
How is HIV Transmitted?

HIV virus is found in the blood, semen, or vaginal fluid of an infected person. HIV is spread through the following ways:

  • Having unprotected sex (vaginal, anal, oral) with an infected person
  • Sharing needles or syringes with someone who is infected with HIV virus
  • Through an infected mother transmitting HIV to her infant during pregnancy,  delivery, or  breastfeeding
  • Blood transfusions (In North America donated blood is always checked for HIV. So chances of getting it from blood transfusion are very, very low)

HIV is not spread through causal contacts such as hugging, casual kissing, shaking hands, sitting next to an infected person, sharing eating utensils, sharing food or drinks. Also HIV is not spread via mosquito bites, toilet seats, or donating blood.

Last Updated on Saturday, 22 November 2008 19:00