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Tuesday, 18 November 2008 06:44

Q. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

A. HIV is the acronym for Human Immuno-deficiency Virus, the microorganism responsible for lowering the ability of the body to fight infections. It is the virus that causes AIDS.
AIDS on the other hand, is the acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is not a disease, but a range of diseases and illnesses caused when the HIV virus weakens your immune system.

Q. Where can the HIV virus be found?

A. HIV can be found in high concentration in the blood, vaginal fluid, breast milk and semen. It is not found in saliva.

Q. How does one get infected with HIV?

A. There are three main ways: 

  • Through unprotected vaginal or anal intercourse with someone infected with HIV.
  • Through sharing needles and syringes by drug users.
  • From an infected mother to her baby during delivery and through breast feeding.

Note: HIV can also be transmitted through oral sex if the recipient has mouth or dental sores and performs oral sex on an infected individual.

Q. How can one prevent the transmissions of HIV?

  • Through using condom for anal or vaginal intercourse.
  • Through not sharing needles and syringes with anyone.
  • Through testing for HIV before getting pregnant or during pregnancy to prevent transmission to the baby.

There are anonymous testing centers for HIV. For further information, call our office at (416)-924-5256 between 10am–6pm.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 17 December 2008 05:52